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European Shorthair

European Shorthair Cat Breed Profile

Weight 8.8-15.4 lbs (4-7 kg)
Origin Europa
Color All colors; multi-colored
Fur Short
Lifespan Up to 20 years
Personality Loves learning, friendly, playful, adaptable

European Shorthair Photo: Evdoha_spb Holstova/Shutterstock

Breed Characteristics

The European Shorthair is a loving, faithful and affectionate domestic cat. They are very playful and, because they’re so clever, they also like challenging games and toys that make them exercise their brains to get food.

Personality and Temperament

The European Shorthair stands out because it’s one thing above all, and this might sound boring at first: it’s the perfect medium. Their bodies are as well-balanced as their characters. But you won’t find anything exotic here. What’s so exciting and amazing about that? It’s simple: other cat breeds might look unusual but can be exhausting.


The Persian, for example, needs a lot of grooming. The European Shorthair doesn’t - they thoroughly and frequently clean their own coats. The Bengal, Siamese and Abyssinian are very active and need lots of attention. The European Shorthair is much less complicated: they love playing outside and occupying themselves.

The European Shorthair is also very adaptable. Unlike the Russian Blue, which needs a daily routine and always wants its food at a certain time.

European Shorthair Photo: Monikasurzin/

Keeping Them Happy

The European Shorthair also needs its space. They might not like being indoor cats as they love stalking through the grass outside. A balcony would let them feel the wind in their fur but wouldn’t give them the freedom they need to make them happy. You should consider this before getting one!

Pros and Cons


  • Good choice for first-timers
  • Loving
  • Active and playful
  • Uncomplicated
  • Robust, healthy
  • Independent
  • Gets along well with other pets


  • ?

European Shorthair Photo: Monikasurzin/


Health and Care

While many other cat breeds (e.g. Maine Coon, Persian, Scottish Fold and Ragdoll) often suffer from illness, the European Shorthair is known for its good health. You won’t find a more robust cat.


The European Shorthair has a short, dense coat. They come in various colors and combinations with/without white and/or with different coat patterns. They are muscular and medium-sized.


The European Shorthair used to help people by hunting mice and stems from the normal house cat. That’s why it’s only been considered a separate breed since 1982.

Fun Facts

The “counterparts” to the European Shorthair are the British Shorthair (Persian Chartreux cross), Exotic Shorthair (Persian and American Shorthair cross) and the American Shorthair.

Comparable Breeds

European Shorthair Photo: Monikasurzin/