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French Bulldog

French Bulldog Breed Information

Size 10-13 inches (25-34 cm)
Weight 17-31 lbs (8-14 kg)
Origin France
Color Black, brown, cream, multicolored; brindle, piebald
Lifespan 9-11 years
Suitable As Lapdog, companion dog
Personality Friendly, obedient, playful, silly

French Bulldog Photo: Patryk Kosmider/Shutterstock

Breed Characteristics

The French Bulldog loves its role as a lapdog. They love cuddling up with their humans, and even enjoy a nap with their master and all the family. They love to play the clown and will entertain the whole family.


The French bulldog is small, short and powerful. Their fur is short, and the skin around their shoulders and head forms adorable folds. The two button eyes in their square, pug-nosed faces look at the world with curiosity. Their special features are their upright "bat ears". These are passed down through breeding. In contrast to the English Bulldog, the French Bulldog moves more freely and more lightly.


Top Activities

Treasure Hunt, Tug-of-War, Hide and Seek

French Bulldog Photo: hedgehog94/

Pros and Cons


  • Suitable for beginners
  • Rarely barks
  • Doesn't need lots of exercise
  • Easy grooming
  • Will be fine in an apartment
  • Likes to play with balls
  • Doesn't shed a lot


  • Doesn't do well in hot weather
  • Not a dog for athletes
  • Easily overheats when exercising
  • Stubborn

French Bulldog Photo: Patryk Kosmider/Shutterstock

Health and Care

French Bulldogs aren’t known for their ability to join their humans on 5-mile jogs (you’d be better off with a Jack Russell for that). But you should make sure they get enough exercise, as they have a tendency to put on weight. Their fur is easy to care for, and doesn’t require regular brushing. Important: these dogs are very sensitive to heat. They especially need cool, shady spots in the summer to relax in.

History and Origin

The French Bulldog comes from France! Right? Well, yes and no. Let’s start from the beginning. Bulldogs were very popular around Nottingham (England) at the beginning of the 19th century. Some were brought by workers to France, where they were popular rat catchers.


But they soon caught the eyes of the aristocracy and the rich. The ones with upright ears were especially popular - which had not been the case in England. The bulldogs with this characteristic were bred on (and sometimes crossed with breeds such as terriers and pugs) to create the French bulldog that is now loved all around the world.

But where does the name come from? Why "bull" dogs? It must have something to do with bulls, right? Right. People used to make them take part in fights. The dogs were set on bulls for entertainment.

French Bulldog Photo: Dusan Kostic/

Cruel Breeding

Why is it considered cruel to own a French bulldog? The dogs used to have a much longer nose. Through breeding, however, it has become shorter and shorter. Its eyes and forehead are unnaturally large, too. This form of breeding is called "flat-faced". As a result, the breeds often suffer from shortness of breath, due to the narrow nostrils. This is especially the case with exertion and heat. It can even be life-threatening for the dogs. They suffer circulatory collapse and/or suffocation.

Do you have a head over heels crush on French bulldogs? You can adopt a poor pet of this breed from a shelter and make its life as comfortable as possible. At least you're not supporting the breeding of further puppies. Where there is no demand, the supply dries up. There are already dog organizations that are trying to breed longer noses by crossing them with other breeds. That could be the solution to have healthier dogs and preserve the breed at the same time. Or you could choose a different breed - there are so many beautiful ones!

French or English Bulldog - What's the Difference?

What’s the difference between the French and the English Bulldog? It’s clear to see that these two dog breeds look quite different. So why are they both called bulldogs? It would be better to discuss what they have in common rather than any differences.

French Bulldogs actually come from the English ones. In the Middle Ages, English Bulldogs were used in fights. After this was banned, there wasn’t much call for these dogs but interest in a smaller, cuter and calmer “version” grew. That’s where the French Bulldog came in.

Fun Facts

They say that French Bulldogs sink like stones. They can’t swim well at all, as their little legs aren’t built for kicking and their heads are very heavy.

Comparable Breeds

Video: Is a French Bulldog the Right Dog Breed for Me?

French Bulldog Dog Breed

(Video opens on YouTube)


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