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Schnauzer Dog Breed Information

Size 18-20 in (45-50 cm)
Weight 30-44 lb (14-20 kg)
Origin Germany
Color Black, “salt and pepper”
Lifespan 12-14 years
Suitable as Ffamily dogs, guard dogs
Personality Docile, curious, attentive, brave, intelligent
Exercise Exercise Needs
Drooling Amount of Drooling
Shedding Amount of Shedding
Grooming Grooming Needs

Schnauzer Photo: catolla/Shutterstock

Schnauzer Breed Characteristics

The Schnauzer looks a bit funny at first glance. Or is it just us? The long hair on its muzzle looks like a big moustache. Schnauzers have good manners. But they can become little rascals if they’re not challenged enough. If it becomes bored, it will even start destroying things. Therefore their masters have to be patient and firm to be a good “pack leader” for their Schnauzer. Otherwise the dog will take the lead!

They don’t get on well with unknown dogs. But they are always friendly and docile with “their people” as well as dogs (even cats) it has been raised with. The Schnauzer should be kept away from pets such as mice, rats and hamsters. His former "job" as a rat-catcher would be dangerous for them.

Schnauzer Discipline and Training

Schnauzers have an extraordinarily good sense of hearing. After all, they had to rely on this sense to perceive the quiet tapers of rats. For this reason they are often used for tracking. Schnauzers are also great in other dog sports such as obedience and agility. Schnauzers bark a lot - when they are in a good mood, when they are in a bad mood and when they are bored. Therefore, it is important to train a schnauzer at an early age that it should only bark in case of emergency. Because they are prone to bark, they do make very good watchdogs.

Before you buy a Schnauzer, you should also know that the dog needs a lot of exercise - not only the Giant Schnauzer, but the Miniature Schnauzer, too. It is a good-hearted family dog, but it needs training and should be introduced to other puppys at an early age. Otherwise it can become suspicious of everyone. 

Schnauzer Top Activities

Trick Training, Frisbee Fetch, Agility

Schnauzer Pros and Cons


  • Easy to train
  • Doesn't shed a lot
  • Gets along well with other dogs and cats
  • Good watch dog


  • Not a beginner dog
  • Needs lots of exercise
  • Need to be challenged mentally
  • Needs lots of grooming
  • Tends to bark often

Schnauzer Photo: Lunja/Shutterstock

Schnauzer Appearance

There are three Schnauzers: the Giant Schnauzer, the Standard Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer. All have a long, distinctive moustache and showy, long eyebrows. Their coat is not as cuddly as a Newfoundlands' coat, but rough and wiry. The colors are black, "pepper and salt", white and black-silver.

Schnauzer Health and Care

As long as you don't want to participate in dog shows with your Schnauzer, regular brushing is enough. The most important thing to watch out for is the beard and the legs, as they become matted quickly. Food can be entangled in its beard while feeding, Make sure to check it after every meal and remove the leftovers.

Schnauzer History and Origin

These dogs do not have moustaches because they look pretty. The Miniature Schnauzer was used as a rat-catcher. In particular, when the moustache was a bit matted, it could move its snout close to the ground in search of rats without injuring himself or being bitten. The Schnauzer comes from Württemberg (Germany). It appears in paintings by the Dutch painter Rembrandt and the German painter Albrecht Dürer and therefore exists at least since the 14./15. Century.

Where Does the Name Come From?

Schnauzer is a German word, means moustache and refers to the long hairs on its muzzle.

Schnauzer Photo: Nikoforova Viktoria/Shutterstock

Fun Facts

Notable moustache were more common (but not really common) in the 19th and 20th centuries. Emperor Wilhem II, the Spanish painter Salvador Dalí and the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche wore one.

Comparable Breeds

Schnauzer Photo: Sharon G J Ong/Shutterstock

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