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Icelandic Horse

Icelandic Horse Breed Profile

Height 12.7-14.7 hands (51-59 inches; 130-150 cm)
Body Sturdy
Head Large
Neck Muscular
Colors All, yet no spotted variants
Temperament Friendly, sweet-tempered, self-assured, lively
Gait Elastic
Type Warmblood
Origin Iceland
Bred since 12th century
Suited for Leisure riding, endurance, therapy, show jumping

Icelandic Horse Icelandic Horse - Photo: George P Atkinson/Shutterstock

They're Weather-Proof

Icelandic horses are absolutely weather-proof, robust and sure-footed. In Iceland they spend all their lives in the open. They do not even mind the rough wind howling over the austere Icelandic landscape. They have a dense winter coat, which keeps them cozily warm at all times. Fortunately, the Icelandic winter is not as extremely cold as one might expect. The average temperature hardly ever falls below 26.6 degrees Fahrenheit (-3 degrees Celsius).

They're Strong

Even though the Icelandic horse is rather small, it is sturdy enough to carry an adult human being.


They Came to Iceland on Viking Ships

The Icelandic horses came from Norway to Iceland on Viking ships in the 9th century. On the island they were the only means of transport until the 19th century.

They Love to Be Free

Icelandic horses love to be free. They are spirited and self-assured, but also very reliable. They are particularly popular with riding beginners and children, because of their sweet temper and straightforwardness.

Icelandic Horse Photo: Apple Chu/Shutterstock

Special Gait: Tölt

What makes Icelandic horses special: their additional gaits tölt and pace.

The tölt is quite similar to the walk. Only one or two hooves touch the ground at the same time (two or three during the walk).


Icelandic Horse Photo: Stefan Holm/Shutterstock

Special Gait: Pace, Flying Pace

The pace is also called "flying pace“, because it appears as if the horse would not touch the ground at all. During the pace, both left hooves OR both right hooves are on the ground simultaneously. The legs do not alternate diagonally with one another as in other gaits.

Icelandic Horse Photo: Stefan Holm/Shutterstock

Strict Breeding Regulations

Icelandic horses have never been mixed with other breeds since more than 1,000 years. Thus, they are one of the purest breeds of horses worldwide. There even exists a law that Iceland horses may not return to Iceland after having left the island.

The Oldest Icelandic Horse of the World

The oldest Icelandic horse of the world was a mare owned by Andreas Larsen (Denmark). It lived from 1897 - 1954 and reached an age of 57 years. It died peacefully of old age.

Where does the Name Come From?

The name indicates the native homeland of the breed.

Fun Facts

In Nordic mythology, the god Odin had a horse with eight legs. People say that it was an Icelandic horse.

Icelandic Horse Photo: Egon NYC/Shutterstock


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